My Facial Feminisation Thesis
This thesis represents all the knowledge I have accumulated working on facial feminisation since I started in 2002. I have brought this together with a comprehensive re-evaluation of the established research into facial gender and some of the widely held ideas about FFS. I hope it will be read by surgeons as well as interested patients.
I am probably one of the only artists in the world to have worked at such length and in such detail on the sexual dimorphism of the human face so I hope this thesis will be a useful contribution to the subject. I have tried to write it in an informal manner rather than in the style of a scientific paper as I want it to be approachable for patients who may not have a detailed knowledge of facial anatomy and the associated terminology. Also, although I have drawn heavily on science, this thesis is just as much about the “art” of FFS and my own sense of what works based on experience rather than scientific analysis.
The philosopher Karl Popper believed that science progresses not by proving theories to be right but by proving them to be wrong and it may be that some of the ideas I express in this thesis will need to be revised at some point in the future but I do think it is a good and comprehensive account of male and female facial differences, in particular as they they apply to facial feminisation.
The thesis is divided into 10 parts and to navigate around them, please use these links at the bottom of each page: