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Facial Gender & FFS:
• In a Nutshell
Hair and Hairline
• Forehead
Adam's Apple
• Facelifts
Hormonal Effects
• Ethnic Variations

• Virtual FFS FAQs
• General FFS FAQs

My Facial Feminisation Thesis

My Top Tips for FFS Patients

Disclaimers, Promises and My Qualifications

Body Dysmorphic Disorder and FFS



In a Nutshell


For those of you who are in a hurry or who don't want to go into too much detail, I have created this page to give you a quick overview of the differences between male and female faces and the procedures that can feminise masculine features. If you want more detail then please follow the links on the left to the individual features.


Here are an average female and male face to illustrate some of the differences I describe below.





1. Hairline:
The female hairline is higher in the middle, lower in the corners and has a rounded shape. The male hairline is lower in the middle, higher in the corners and has more of a square or “M” shape. A masculine hairline can be feminised with a scalp advance or hair transplants.


2. Forehead:
The male forehead has a bony ridge running across it at about eyebrow level called brow bossing while the female forehead is smoother and flatter. The female forehead is also more vertical while the male forehead tends to slope backwards a little. There are various surgical techniques to remove brow bossing and the procedure you have depends partly on the internal structure of your particular forehead and partly on which procedures you particular surgeon is able or willing to do.


3. Eyebrows:
The top edge of the eyebrows for both sexes is at about the same height (or sometimes slightly higher in females) but female eyebrows are thinner with the bottom edge of the eyebrow sitting in a higher position than on the male and this creates a bigger gap between the eye and the eyebrow. A brow lift or forehead lift can lift the eyebrows. Plucking along the underside is usually the best way to thin them.


4. Eyes:
Females have larger eyes in proportion to the face and the eyes have a more open expression with the top lid lifted a little more than in the male. Female eyes also have a little more of a downwards slant from the outer corners to the inner corners. You can't make the eyes bigger with surgery but a lateral brow lift could increase the slant a little.


5. Cheeks:
The fleshy part or “apple” of female cheeks contains more fat than the male and is therefore fuller and rounder – male cheeks are much more hollow here. Solid implants can build up the area under the cheeks or fat can be harvested from another part of the body and injected into the apple to fix the problem directly. Hormones usually make the apple of the cheeks fuller.


6. Nose:
The male nose is larger than the female nose. In the front view, the nose is narrower in females with smaller, less flared nostrils. In the profile view, the base of the female nose has more of an upwards angle and has a shorter, more blunt tip than the male. Any of the standard rhinoplasty techniques might be used in FFS.


7 Mouth:
The female mouth sits in a higher position than the male mouth. Male and female mouths are actually very similar in shape in the frontal view with similar sized areas of red exposed but female lips bulge forwards a little more than male lips as you can see in the profile view. Also, when a woman's mouth is open, her upper incisors are more likely to be exposed by a few mm than in the male. A lip lift can raise the top lip and opening of the mouth higher as well as making the top lip more full. Injectable fillers and soft implants can make the lips fuller.


8. Chin:
The female chin is vertically shorter, narrower and more round than the male chin. The male chin is more likely to have a square shape. The male chin projects forwards a little more than the female chin. The chin can be made shorter, rounder and can be set back with surgery.


9. Jaw:
The female jaw is vertically shorter and is narrower overall. Male jaws also a squarer corner as seen from the side. Males also tend to have more pronounced chewing muscles and this adds to the jaw width at the back. The width of the jaw compared to the cheeks tends, on average, to be the same for both sexes but the jaw can be narrowed and reduced with surgery and hormones can reduce the chewing muscles.


10. Neck:
The male neck is thicker than the female neck and males often have a visible Adam's apple. However, despite what many people believe, women often have a small but visible Adam's apple too. The adam's apple can be surgically reduced. Hormones may make the neck a little thinner by reducing muscle.


11. Skin:
Female skin is paler than male skin in all ethnic groups and has a softer texture. Male skin is thicker and more oily than female skin. Hormones soften the skin and may make it more pale.


12. Beard:
Males generally have a beard shadow. The beard can be removed with electrolysis or laser.